Andaman & Nicobar
- Area:Andamans District: 6,408 Sq.Kms.
Nicobars District : 1,841 Sq. Kms.
- Capital:Port Blair
- Total Area: 8,249 Sq. Kms.
Floating in splendid isolation, cast of the Indian mainland is the archipelago of 572 emerald islands, islets and rocks known as Andaman & Nicobar Islands. This Union Territory is stretched over an area of more than 700 Km. from north to south with 36 inhabited islands. Once a hill range extending from Burma (Myanmar) to Indonesia, these undulating islands are covered with dense forests and endless variety of exotic flowers and birds. The topography of the islands is hilly and abounds in evergreen forests. The sandy beaches on the edge of meandering coastline are fringed with coconut-palms that sway to the rhythm of the sea. The sea around the islands offer excellent scope for water sports. The rare flora and fauna, underwater marine life and corals, with crystal clear water and mangrove-lined creeks, offer a dream-view of the rare gifts of nature. The clean and wide roads, free of filth as well as unpolluted fresh air attract any nature-lover, who seek absolute peace and tranquility in the lap of mother nature. Adventure tourism like trekking, island camping, snorkeling, scuba diving etc., are the real attractions. A visit to these islands is a memorable lifetime experience.
Mythologicaly, the name Andaman was presumed to be derived from Hanuman, who was known to the Malays as Handuman. Since Prehistoric times, these islands were the home of aboriginal tribes. The tribes of, the Andaman group of islands are the Great Andamanese, Onges, Jarawas, and Sentinatese, all of Negrito origin, while the tribes of Nicobars are the Nicobarese and Shompens, both of Mongoloid stock. The first settlement by the British took place in 1789, which was later abandoned in 1796. The second settlement was basically a penal settlement, taken up in 1858, after the First War of Independence, followed by the settlement of convicts, Moplas, some criminal tribes from Central and United Provinces, refugees from erstwhile East Pakistan, Burma and Sri Lanka as well as ex-servicemen.
In these islands people of all faiths - Hindus, Muslims, Christians, Sikhs etc., and of all languages like Hindi, Bengali, Malayalam, Tamil, Telugu, Punjabi, Nicobari etc., live together in complete peace and harmony. Inter-religion and inter-regional marriages are common. This amazing racial and cultural mix is correctly described as Mini-India.
Forests are the green extend over gold of the islands. The reserved and protected forests extend over 86% area of the territory and the forest cover is more than 92 %. About 50 % of the forests has been set aside as Tribal Reserves, National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries, which are inviolate. Luxuriant mangroves, perhaps the richest in the world, occupy nearly II. 5 % of the territory. More than 150 plant and animals species are endemic in nature. Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park is rich in corals, varieties of colored fishes, sea turtles etc., besides other marine life. It is a birds paradise - more than 271 varieties of birds inhabit the idyllic landscape, out of which 39 are endemic. Megapode, Swiftlet, Hornbill and Nicobar Pigeon are some of the specialties of the Andaman & Nicobar Islands
- LOCATION:Bay of Bengal
92 deg. to 94 deg. Longitude
6 deg. to 14 deg. North Latitude
- AREA:Andamans District: 6,408 Sq.Kms.
Nicobars District : 1,841 Sq. Kms.
Total Area: 8,249 Sq. Kms.
- CAPITAL:Port Blair
- DISTANCE:1255 Kms. from Calcutta
1190 Kms. from Chennai
1200 Kms. from Vishakhapatnam
- ALTITUDE:Varies from sea level to 732 meters
- HIGHEST PEAK:Saddle Peak - 732 metros
- CLIMATE:Tropical throughout the year with mean minimum temperature at 23 deg. C and maximum at 31 deg.C. Humidity is relatively high - 70 to 90% with a gentle breeze blowing all the time. The weather is generally pleasant with average annual rainfall at 3,000 mm at Port Blair (May to mid-Sept. & Nov. to Jan.)
- FOREST COVER:92 %, Forest area 86%
- BEST SEASON:October to May
- CLOTHING:Cottons throughout the year
- IDD CODE:++91-3192 (STD 03192)
Places of Interest
Port Blair, the capital of the Andaman and Nicobar islands, that comprises of 350 odd islands. Out of these huge number of islands only few of them are Inhbaited. These are islands are yet to be touched by the amenities of the modern life, these islands are truly provides a perfect tropical paradise. The history of this island is not a very hapy one as this was used as a torture cell for the Indians who were caught by the Britishers while trying to fight against the British raj in India. The prisoners brought to this place were sent here never to be seen again by there families. Earlier feared and dreaded by the people this tropical haven was named 'kala pani' or the place of black waters.
These islands are a true paradise for ecologists and ornithologists with more than 242 species of birds, 46 species of mammals and 78 species of reptiles, some of them almost extinct still walk these islands. Port Blair supports a population of around 300,000 that are mostly dependent on the tourists for their lively hood. Port Blair also supports a lot of museums that are part of the town. The best museum is the city is the navy museum that is about various coral reefs and shells that are found around this city. Also zoological park and the mini zoo in the area offering various wildlife species are quiet popular with locals and tourists.
Location Port Blair is located in the south east of South Andaman Island.
- Rainfall in Port Blair:318 cm. (July to September)
- Climate of Port Blair:
- Summer:30 °C and 25 °C
- Winter:24 °C - 18 °C
How To Reach:
- By Air:A daily flight connects Port Blair to the rest of the world. Port Blair is air linked with Madras, Delhi, Bhubaneswar, and Kolkata.
- By Rail:Located in the middle of the sea no way to reach by road.
- By Road:Located in the middle of the sea no way to reach by road.
Places to See:
The Cellular Jail, The Beaches, Ross Island, The Viper Island, Havelock Island, Museum and Zoo, Harbor Cruises, Volcanoes.
Situated in North Andaman Island, Diglipur provides a rare experience for eco friendly tourists. It is famous for its oranges, rice and marine life. Saddle Peak the highest point in the islands is nearby. Kalpong, the only river of Andaman flows from here. The first hydroelectric project of the islands is coming upon this river. One who comes by road from Port Blair has to take a boat from Mayabunder to Kalighat and from their journey by road to Diglipur and from there to Kalipur for viewing, Kalipur and Lamiya bay beaches. One can feel the innocent beauty of village life everywhere in Diglipur. One who prefers to be away from the hustle and humdrum of urban life must come here to enjoy unhurried holidays.
Until the new road is finished, Kalighat, where the river becomes un-navigable and the ferryboat from Mayabunder turns around, serves as the main entry point to North Andaman. A cluttered little bazaar unfolds from the top of the slipway, hemmed in by dense mangrove swamps.
The one worthwhile place to visit in this area is Radhnagar, 10-km out of town and served by hourly buses, where there's a beautiful sandy beach backed by unspoilt forest where camping is feasible. Try to rent a cycle from one of the stalls in Kalighat though, as the beach is 2-km outside Radhnagar Bazaar, providing the nearest source of fresh water
- Location:242-km From Port Blair, Andaman Islands
- Significance:Home To A Former Burmese Karen Tribe
- Main Attractions:Karmtang Beach
Nearly three hours further north by road, perched on a long promontory right at the top of the island and surrounded by mangrove swamps, is Mayabunder, springboard for the remote northern Andaman Islands. The village, which is home to a large minority of former Burmese Karen tribal people who were originally brought here as cheap logging labour by the British, is more spread out and more appealing than Rangat.
One can access Mayabunder 242-km by road and 157-km by sea from Port Blair.Until the last stretch of the Andaman trunk Road is completed and a bridge across the narrow strait to north Andaman Island constructed just west of Mayabunder, the shortest crossing is the ferry ride to Kalighat. Once a week the Port Blair ferry also calls here en route to Diglipur, but one'll find it less hassle, and a lot quicker, to catch the bus as this boat stops at several off limits islands en route.
Heading in the opposite direction, buses to Port Blair are regular but it is advisable to book ahead, with tickets for the first of five daily government departures going on sale from 3pm the previous day at the bus stand, 2-km from the jetty near the bazaar.